2015 is the awesome year to get a government Job

If you are still having dream of getting a government, 2015 is the perfect year for you. There are plenty of jobs coming up for you. This article will be based on the upcoming exams in 2015 and includes guide on how to prepare for the exam. There will be at least 5o,000 plus vacancies available in this year. Grab your dream job this year. Start your preparation today and all the best !!!

UPCOMING EXAMS :

Exam Name Notification date Exam date
Combined Civil Service Examination-II
(Group-II Interview Posts)Vacancies :908
3rd week of February 2015 10.05.2015(Prelims)26.09.2015(Mains)23.05.2015
 Combined Civil Service Examination-III (Group-IIIA) (Interview Posts) Vacancies: 25 1st week of march 17.05.2015
IES and Geologist’s exam  07.02.2015  23.05.2015
Rectt.of SI in CAPFs, ASI in CISF and SI
in Delhi Police Examination -2015
28.02.2015 24.05.2015
ENGINEERING SERVICES
EXAMINATION, 2015
 14.03.2015 12.06.2015
Combined Graduate Level (Tier-I)
Examination- 2015
14.03.2015 14.06.2015
and 21.06.2015
 TNPSC Group 1 First week of April, 2015 05.07.2015
 Combined Higher secondary Level exam(10+2) 11.04.2015 12.07.2015
 TNPSC Group 2-A Second week of May, 2015 16.08.2015
 CSP 16.05.2015 23.06.2015
 Junior Engineer (Civil, Electrical &
Mechanical) Examination – 2015
29.03.2015 30.08.2015
 IBPS RRB CWE for Officers Scale I,II and III and Office assistants July 2015 05.09.2015, 06.09.2015, 12.09.2015, 13.09.2015, 19.09.2015,
20.09.2015, 26.09.2015 & 27.09.2015
 Stenographer Grade ‘C’ & ‘D’
Examination – 2015
09.05.2015 06.09.2015
 IBPS PO/MT August, 2015 03.10.2015, 04.10.2015, 10.10.2015 &11.10.2015(Prelims)31.10.2015(Mains)
 TNPSC VAO 1st week of July, 2015 04.10.2015
 Multi Tasking (Non –Technical) Staff
Examination – 2015
01.08.2015 08.11.2015
 TNPSC Group 4 1st week of August, 2015 15.11.2015
 IFS mains From 21-11-2015
 IBPS clerk October,2015 05.12.2015, 06.12.2015, 12.12.2015, 13.12.2015,
19.12.2015 & 20.12.2015(Prelims)03.01.2016(Mains)
 Civil service Mains 16.05.2015 From 18-12-2015
 IBPS Specialist officer November,2015 30.01.2016 & 31.01.2016

Note: All dates are tentative and above time table gives you idea of the important upcoming exams. SBI PO and clerk exam schedule is not yet out. As soon as they are out, we will update them.

Preparation guides and study plan:

1.Civil service guide

2. Civil service study plan

3. Civil service suggested books and preparation tips

4.Group 1 suggested books and preparation tips

5.Group 2 suggested books and preparation tips

6.Group 4 suggested books and preparation tips

7. How to prepare for any banking exam

8. SBI clerical cadre Guide

Previous question papers:

1. UPSC question papers collection

2. TNPSC group 1 question papers

3.TNPSC group 2 and 2A question papers

4.TNPSC group 4 question papers

5. TNPSC VAO question papers

Free books for civil service and Group 1 in PDF format

More guides , question paper collection and study plan will be updated. Stay tuned!!!

Computing abbreviation part 2

FIFO: First in first out is a queue model in which service is offered on first come first serve basis. Classical example of FIFO is traditional railway ticket booking in the counter.

FTP: File transfer protocol is a network protocol for transferring files from one computer to another computer over TCP/IP based network.

GIF: Graphic Interchange Format is a image format and this format supports animations.

GPRS: General packet radio service is a data transfer service for GSM enabled mobile phoned.

GSM: Global system of Mobile communication is commonly used mobile standard for 2G mobile technology.

GUI: Graphic user interface is a interactive interface that enables user to interact with any electronic device by the means of icons and dialog box. GUI was initially introduced in computers and it is extended to almost all electronic devices. Traditional computer’s interface was command based interface but GUI superseded it.

HTML: Hypertext mark up language is a programming language that is used to design a web page. (For more info, read network basics)

HTTP: Hypertext transfer protocol is a protocol for the exchange of information between web server and client.

HTTPS: Hypertext transfer protocol is a protocol for the secure exchange of information between web server and client. Most of the websites uses HTTPS to encrypt website user’s data in transit.

IC: Integrated circuit is a single chip in which multiple electronic devices are fabricated.

ICMP: Internet control message protocol is a important network protocol that sends error message,whenever there is a problem in the network.

IGMP: Internet group message protocol is a network protocol for sending message to many people (i.e Group message).

IDS: Intrusion detection system detects unauthorized access to the network or system.

IMAP: Internet message access protocol is a protocol for the retrieval and storage of email. Unlike post office protocol(POP), it supports multiple email access at a time.

IP: Internet protocol is the basic protocol for the transfer of data over a network.

IPS: Intrusion prevention system prevents unauthorized access to the network or system.

IPTV: Internet protocol television network is nothing but the television service over internet.

ISP: Internet service provider provides internet service to the clients. Famous Internet service providers in India are Airtel, vodafone and Reliance.

ISDN: Integrated services digital network is a group of standards for the transmission of audio, video and data over Public switched telephone network(PSTN).

LAN: Local area network is a network of devices in a small area usually of the size of an office or a residential building.

LCD: Liquid crystal display is a output device that displays output based on the optical properties of the liquid crystal.

LED: Light emitting diode is a semiconductor based light source. Main feature of LED is minimal energy consumption.

LIFO: Last in first out is a queue model in which latest requests are served first.

MAC: Media access control is a important network protocol as it addresses devices connected to the network and and it controls the access of physical transmission medium. MAC address: Media access control Address is a 48 bit unique address assigned to the hosts and routers in the network under MAC protocol.

Computing abbreviations Part 1

ADC: Analog to digital converter is a physical device that converts analog signal to digital signal.

ADSL: Asymmetric digital subscriber Line is a data communication technology in which download speed is not equal to the upload speed.

AES: Advanced encryption standard is a standard of encrypting data and it is more secure than than than data encryption standard (DES).

ARP: Address resolution protocol maps the IP address with the physical address of the device i.e MAC address of the device.

AI: Artificial Intelligence is the study of intelligence exhibited by the machines. This technology will replace the human from decision making process.

ALU: Arithmetic Logic unit is the vital unit of CPU and it performs arithmetical and logical operations.

ANN: Artificial Neural networks are sophisticated learning algorithms which are inspired from the biological neural system. They are used in pattern recognition, computer vision and facial recognition.

API: Application programming Interface enables user to create software applications. It acts as an interface between user and computer for software programming.

ARPANET: Advanced research project agency network was developed by US military to facilitate message sharing between its research center. It acts as a precursor of today’s internet.

BASIC: Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code are class of programming languages which are relatively easy to use.

BIOS: Basic input and output system is a firmware that is programmed into computer’s ROM so that it tests computers hardware every time the system is booted.

CAD: Computer aided design is the use of computer for a design process.

CAM: Computer aided manufacturing is the use of computer for the manufacturing of any goods.

CCTV:Closed circuit television is a method of surveillance by the use of video camera.

CD: Compact disk is a optical disk that uses optical technology to store data in it. Maximum size of data that can be stored in CD is 700 MB (For more info, visit components of computer)

CG: Computer graphics is the process of creating and editing pictures, using computers.

CISC: Complex Instruction Set Computer is used to refer computers that executes many operation with single or few instructions.

DAC: Digital analog converter is a device that converts digital signal into analog signal.

DBMS: Database management system is the software that is used to manage the database. Commonly used DBMS are Oracle, Microsoft SQL server, SAP and MySQL.

DIP: Digital image processing is the use of computing algorithms to process a image.

DES: Data encryption standard is a standard of encrypting data developed in late 1970’s and this standard is now considered as insecure.

DOS: Disk operating system was a operating system that were used before the advent of Graphical user interface based operating system.

Dos: Denial of service is a computer network attack that is intended to deny network’s access to its users.

DDoS: Distributed denial of service is a DOS attack done by more than one computer at a time.

DNS: Domain name system is used for naming any devices or resources which are connected to the network.

DPI: Dots per inch is a measure of printing or scanning quality.

DSL: Digital subscriber line is a data communication technology in which data are transmitted over telephone line.

DSP: Digital signal processing is the manipulation of the digital signal by the means of software or hardware.

DTP: Desktop publishing is the process of creating documents in a personal computer.

DVD: Digital versatile disc is the optical disk and its maximum storage space is 4.7 GB.

DVR: Digital video recorder is device or software that helps in storing video.

Basic computing terms part 3

Recycle bin: Files that are deleted from the hard disk will be moved to Recycle bin. Hence, Recycle bin stores deleted files and they can be restored, when they are needed.

Router: It is a physical device or software that forwards the data in the form of packets to other network.

Registry: It contains vital information about system’s settings, software and hardware configuration. Whenever a software is installed, software’s configuration settings is stored in the registry.

Rootkit: It is a stealth malware designed to enable complete access to the system without being detected.

Scanner: It is a input device that scans photos and papers.

Search engine: It is a software that is designed to search the web by indexing millions of websites. Famous search engine includes AOL,Google, Alta vista, Yahoo search and Bing.

Script: Script is nothing but an program that is usually created to do something automatically.

Skimming: Skimming is the theft of credit or debit card information. Skimmer is the device that is usually inserted into ATM  or POS machine to collect debit card  or credit card information that is stored in the magnetic strip.

Snipper: It is a network spying software or device. It collects all the available information about the network and it tracks all the data sent and received by the network.

Spam: It is unwanted message that is intended to cause annoyance or to do financial fraud.

Spyware: It is a malicious software installed without the knowledge of the user to monitor and store his activity. To know more information, visit Computer threats)

Syntax: Syntax is the general rules which have to be followed while writing a program. Each programming language has different syntax. Syntax is analogous to grammar. If one does not follow syntax while writing program, syntax error will appear.

Telnet: Telnet is the networking protocol that facilitates bidirectional text communication over internet or LAN.

Teleconference:Word “Tele” means “at distance”. Hence teleconference means attending a meeting or conference from any place.

Throughput: Throughput is defined as the amount of data transmitted over a network in a specific time.

Username: It is a unique name that is used to identify a physical person in the network or website. Each username has a password to prevent impersonation.

Virtual reality: It is the technology in which some real life situations or environment are simulated using advanced devices.

Virus: It is a self replicating malicious program.

Virtual memory: It is a technique in which temporary memory usage is transferred from RAM to secondary memory such as hard disk, pen drive, etc. note: High end Games are executed in the computer ,as the computer uses virtual memory. Following image shows the Navy personnel being trained in Virtual reality environment.

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Web or World wide web: It is the collection of websites that can be accessed over internet.

Web site: It is the collection of related web pages that are usually hosted in separate domain.

Web browser: It is a software to access web sites and to transfer data over internet.

Web crawlers or spiders or ants: It is a automated program used by search engines for indexing by collecting information about the websites regularly.

Web scraping: It is  the automated process of extracting huge information from websites.

Basic computing terms part 1

Algorithm: Algorithm is predefined set of instructions that has to be followed in order to solve a computer problem.

Authentication: It is the process of verifying the person’s identity.

Bandwidth: It is the measure of system’s capacity of carrying information over a specified time. Example Bandwidth of RJ-45 cable( RJ-45 is used in LAN) is 100Mbps.

BAR CODE:Barcode is series of parallel lines. Specific information can  be stored in a bacode by varying the distance between two lines, height  and width of the line and this information is decoded by barcode reader.

Binary number: Computer can understand only binary numbers and they are 0 and 1.

Biometric technology: It is the use of biological characteristics of human such as finger print, retina, iris and voice for the purpose of authentication.

Blue ray disc: This optical disc can store high definition movies. Their storage capacity varies from 25 GB to 128 GB while traditional CD’s storage capacity is 4.7 GB.

Cache: Frequently used data are stored in cache in order to enable a faster access by reducing the access time.

Clock rate:  It is the measure of speed of computer’s CPU.  1 hertz represents 1 cycle of input or output.  Modern computer’s clock rate is in the order of Megahertz and Gigahertz.

Computer simulation: The use of computers to simulate a real life event or process is called computer simulation. Computer simulators are used to train people in the field of aviation, defense and so on.

Cookies: Cookies are data stored in the web browser by a website while accessing the data. Some of the cookies are tracked by the advertisers to display preferential advertisement and some other are used by websites for session maintenance.

Cyber crime: It is the use of information and technology to commit crime. Cyber crimes that are liable to punishment under Indian law are hacking, identity theft, Impersonation ,etc

Data mining: It is the process of analyzing enormous amount of data to identify a particular pattern. Data mining is used extensively for targeted advertisement.

Debugging: It is the process of finding and rectifying errors or bugs in the program.

Digital signature: It is used to verify authenticity and integrity of a file and digital message. Digital signature ensures that a particular message or file is created by particular user and it is not edited in the transit.

Download: It is the transfer of file from the web server or from another computer in the network to the user computer.

Ethernet: It is the basic network technology that is used in the LAN and MAN networks.

Firewall: It is the network security system that regulates incoming and outgoing communication of the device or network. They include physical and non physical method to prevent unauthorized access to the device or network.An illustration of firewall is given below. (Image credits: Bruno Pedroza. Copyrights: CC-3.0

Firewall

Firmware: Basic programs that control the electronic devices are called firmware.

Fuzzy logic: It is the next generation logic system that is aimed to enhance the logic used in the traditional computers. Computers logic understands only two state: True and False. False state is represented by 0 and true is represented by 1 while the fuzzy logic will define all the values that ranges from 0 to 1.

Basic Marketing series part 3 (Basic marketing Terms)

Market: It is a place where selling,buying and exchange of goods and service takes place. Traditionally, Physical places such as shopping malls were considered as market. With the advent of Information and Technology, transaction of goods and service takes place virtually in the internet.

Market size: It is defined as the number of buyers and sellers available in a particular market.

Market share: It is defined as the percentage of sales shared by a particular company in the market. More the market share, company is more dominant in the market.

Market Penetration: Market penetration is the ratio of number of people reached to the potential buyers. Suppose a company manufactures a agricultural product in India and it sells its product to 20 million people out of 600 million farmers in India,then its market penetration is 3.33%.

Call: It is the marketing term which is used to represent direct communication with prospective customer. Telemarketing, email marketing are used to communicate customer directly.

Lead:Lead means “Prospective customer”

Lead Generation: It is simply the generation of customer interest or inquiry into the specific product or service of the company. Company can do lead generation by various ways such as by introducing a innovative product, placing advertisement on internet on pay per click basis etc. More lead generation means more interest in the product. Hence ,more sales is Guaranteed.

Prospect:  Prospect also means “Prospective customer”.

Benchmark: It is the predefined standard. When we have to achieve something in marketing, there should be some standard which the company should maintain in order to retain its loyal customers or to get new customers. Bigger companies such as BMW, Audi all maintains certain benchmark in quality of their product.

Direct Selling Agent(DSA): As the name implies, DSA meets potential customer personally and he helps the customer in buying the particular product.

Presentation: It is the process of explaining about new products and services to the potential customer usually in the interactive way.

Unique Selling Proposition or Unique selling Points(USP): USP deals the unique feature of a particular product or service that stands different from its competitors. As the result of Liberalization and Globalization, we can notice overwhelming competition in every field. So the company should give unique features to its customers. Basic concept of USP is “stay away from Crowd. Offer something unique”

Small and Medium size Enterprises:  These are class of business in which investment and number of workers working in the company is low. Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 defined micro, small and medium Enterprises.Enterprises engaged in the manufacture or production, processing or preservation of goods as specified below:(Souce: RBI website)

(i) A micro enterprise is an enterprise where investment in plant and machinery does not exceed Rs. 25 lakh;

(ii) A small enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in plant and machinery is more than Rs. 25 lakh but does not exceed Rs. 5 crore; and

(iii) A medium enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in plant and machinery is more than Rs.5 crore but does not exceed Rs.10 crore.

(b) Enterprises engaged in providing or rendering of services

(i) A micro enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment does not exceed Rs. 10 lakh;

(ii) A small enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment is more than Rs.10 lakh but does not exceed Rs. 2 crore; and

(iii) A medium enterprise is an enterprise where the investment in equipment is more than Rs. 2 crore but does not exceed Rs. 5 crore.

More marketing terms will be discussed in upcoming articles.

Basic English Grammar series for Bank Exams part 1

Understanding basic grammar can help in maximizing your score in the English section. This series will be useful in solving spot the error questions, sentence completion, rearrangement of sentence, etc

Subject and Predicate:The subject is the hero of the sentence. On other words, sentence is about the subject. What the subject is/What the subject is doing is called Predicate. Rakesh eats an apple. Here, Rakesh is subject and his action (i.e eats an apple) is Predicate.

Parts of speech:

These are the most important classification of words in English Grammar. There are eight parts of speech in English grammar and they are noun, verb,adjective, adverb, pronoun, Preposition, Conjunction and Interjection. Lets discuss about each of them in brief.

Noun: It represents living things,human,materials and the abstract things.  Noun can be sub classified into many types and they are Proper noun, Common noun, Countable noun, Uncountable noun, Collective noun, Concrete noun and Abstract Noun. Proper noun represents something that is specific in nature. So your name,name of your village are examples of proper noun.Proper noun starts with capital letter irrespective of its position in the sentence. Common noun represents non-specific things. Doctor,Lawyer, College does not represent any particular thing or person but represent a group of person or thing and hence they are common noun. If the noun takes plural form,it is countable noun. Page and website are examples of countable noun. If the noun does not take plural form, it is uncountable noun. Milk, water,and Furniture are examples of uncountable noun. Collective noun represents group of things or animals. Team is group of individuals and hence it is collective noun. Concrete noun represents something which we can be touched or seen or heard . Abstract noun cannot be seen or touched or heard but can be felt. Love and Hate are examples of abstract noun.

Verb: It represents action of the subject and verb tells about the time of action . They are classified into transitive and intransitive verb. If verb is followed by noun immediately, then it is transitive verb and if not, it is intransitive verb.

Adjective: It is a class of words that qualifies the noun. It tells something about the noun quantitatively and qualitatively such as age of the noun, number of noun, color of the noun, size of the noun etc.

Adverb: It modifies verb ,adjective and even another adverb. It also gives more information about the action.Consider the following sentence “He ran quickly” . Here quickly answers the following question “how fast he ran?”.

Pronoun: Pronoun are group of words that are actually substitutes of noun. More information about pronoun will be discussed in upcoming articles.

Preposition: Preposition are group of words that are used to represent location ,time and to relate the noun to any other word in the sentence. More information about preposition will be discussed in upcoming articles.

Conjunction: It connects two sentence or phrase or clause.

Interjection: They are used to represent emotions such as happiness, sadness, discomfort, disinterest, pain,fear etc.