Computing abbreviation part 2

FIFO: First in first out is a queue model in which service is offered on first come first serve basis. Classical example of FIFO is traditional railway ticket booking in the counter.

FTP: File transfer protocol is a network protocol for transferring files from one computer to another computer over TCP/IP based network.

GIF: Graphic Interchange Format is a image format and this format supports animations.

GPRS: General packet radio service is a data transfer service for GSM enabled mobile phoned.

GSM: Global system of Mobile communication is commonly used mobile standard for 2G mobile technology.

GUI: Graphic user interface is a interactive interface that enables user to interact with any electronic device by the means of icons and dialog box. GUI was initially introduced in computers and it is extended to almost all electronic devices. Traditional computer’s interface was command based interface but GUI superseded it.

HTML: Hypertext mark up language is a programming language that is used to design a web page. (For more info, read network basics)

HTTP: Hypertext transfer protocol is a protocol for the exchange of information between web server and client.

HTTPS: Hypertext transfer protocol is a protocol for the secure exchange of information between web server and client. Most of the websites uses HTTPS to encrypt website user’s data in transit.

IC: Integrated circuit is a single chip in which multiple electronic devices are fabricated.

ICMP: Internet control message protocol is a important network protocol that sends error message,whenever there is a problem in the network.

IGMP: Internet group message protocol is a network protocol for sending message to many people (i.e Group message).

IDS: Intrusion detection system detects unauthorized access to the network or system.

IMAP: Internet message access protocol is a protocol for the retrieval and storage of email. Unlike post office protocol(POP), it supports multiple email access at a time.

IP: Internet protocol is the basic protocol for the transfer of data over a network.

IPS: Intrusion prevention system prevents unauthorized access to the network or system.

IPTV: Internet protocol television network is nothing but the television service over internet.

ISP: Internet service provider provides internet service to the clients. Famous Internet service providers in India are Airtel, vodafone and Reliance.

ISDN: Integrated services digital network is a group of standards for the transmission of audio, video and data over Public switched telephone network(PSTN).

LAN: Local area network is a network of devices in a small area usually of the size of an office or a residential building.

LCD: Liquid crystal display is a output device that displays output based on the optical properties of the liquid crystal.

LED: Light emitting diode is a semiconductor based light source. Main feature of LED is minimal energy consumption.

LIFO: Last in first out is a queue model in which latest requests are served first.

MAC: Media access control is a important network protocol as it addresses devices connected to the network and and it controls the access of physical transmission medium. MAC address: Media access control Address is a 48 bit unique address assigned to the hosts and routers in the network under MAC protocol.

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